What is HPA?  

  • Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) is generally known as alumina
  • Alumina is widely used in many large product categories, such as refractories and substrates in electronics
  • Most alumina is produced from bauxite ore, as is aluminum metal
  • High Purity Alumina contains at least 99.99% Al2O3 (4N)
  • 5N and 6N are purer forms of HPA that contain at least 99.999 and 99.9999% Al2O3

How is HPA made? 

Currently most HPA is produced from aluminum metal using hydrolysis or thermal processes. Yava and other companies around the world have focused their research on improving techniques for producing HPA. Yava’s approach has the potential to employ a variety of alumina containing substrates including coal fly ash to manufacture HPA.

HPA Production by process 

Chart by Visualizer
Chart by Visualizer

Where is HPA produced?



Yava has developed a proprietary process that has the following characteristics:

  • Low capital costs—relies on readily available, reliable standard industrial equipment rather than custom designed processing equipment
  • Regeneration of reagents yields a closed loop with minimal discharges—and no toxic waste
  • Flexibility to use a variety of low cost, widely available feedstocks
  • Very small carbon footprint (Yava Alumina’s demonstration plant in Quebec will consume low cost hydro-generated electricity)
  • Capability to produce very pure HPA (99.998%) with target of 5N+
  • Ability to produce HPA with physical characteristics (e.g., particle size and distribution, density, porosity) to meet the exacting specifications of end-users
  • HPA is a huge growth story… the eyes of the car companies turn from time to time and they’ve landed at the moment on HPA.–Toby Green, CRU International (global consultancy)

Chart by Visualizer
Purity Price Range (US$/kg) Notes
4N $25 – $40 varies based on metal impurities and other specs
5N $40 – $70 ~2X the 4N value
6N >$60  low volume, non-commodity sales